Jehovah Chapter Two Part One

English: The Geneva Bible (1560): God's name I...

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Chapter Two


Jehovah:  I AM WHO I AM, self existent one, all-sufficient, self-sufficient, unchangeable, faithful, sovereign, independent, autonomous, dependable,

Jehovah as I AM Who I AM

Moses was just standing there in the desert watching his sheep, minding his own business.  He had been doing the same thing for 40 years.  He had given up a life in the palaces of Egypt.  He had given up the idea that he might be the promised leader to rescue his enslaved people in Egypt.  He had given it a shot and they had rejected his attempt.  He had committed murder for their sake and had been forced to run away because one of them saw his act and threatened to turn states evidence.  He had run into the desert and found refuge in the tents of Jethro, who was now his Father-in-law. He knew what he was doing. He was a shepherd.  He knew where the green grass was, the cool waters, and how to protect the sheep from predators.  It was safe and he was relatively happy.

1.  What happened to disturb Moses life in the desert?



Read Exodus 3:2 I wonder if he had any idea just who was talking to him at this point.  Evidently, he did not have a clue, because he wondered why the bush did not burn up and walked over to see the strange sight.  The fire itself was a symbol of what God was going to reveal to Moses.  It was a fire burning without consuming the bush.  Jehovah is a fire or energy that lives without beginning, burns without consuming or being fed from an outside force.

God was watching.  When He saw Moses move toward the bush, He called him by name and Moses answered, “Here I am.”  God told him to remove his shoes because he was standing on holy ground. 

Read Exodus 3:6

2. How did God identify Himself?



Read Exodus 6:2-3

3.   According to this scripture, what name did Moses know to be God’s name at this time?



4. Do you think the Patriarchs had ever heard the name of Jehovah?

The name of Jehovah appears over two hundred times in Genesis alone, so the patriarchs knew the name of Jehovah, probably from the time of Enoch, but they did not know his character.  They had experienced God mostly as Eloheem, creator and covenant maker, and as El Shaddai, God almighty. God is saying that He is about to reveal His covenant relationship with Israel.  He will be the one who redeems Israel from her sins.  He will be the one who rescues her from the vicious jaws of Egyptian idolatry and slavery. The patriarchs knew the promises of Elohim, the promises of Jehovah. They will now experience a personal revelation.  They will not only now the name, but will experience what that name means. (Scofield Study Bible Notes.)  (The Bible Readers Commentary)

God revealed to Moses that He had seen the suffering of His people at the hands of the Egyptians. He remembered the covenant He had made with Himself as Elohim, God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  He remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.  He was ready to act.  It was time for the people to receive the Promised Land, flowing with milk and honey.

Moses had a pretty good idea what this was going to cost him.  He knew the people of Egypt intimately from the royal family of the Pharaoh to the lowly hated Israelites.  He had tried in his own strength to rescue the people and had been forced to run for his life.  He knows he is going to need more than what he now possesses to accomplish the task.  They certainly are not going to listen to him now.  He is no longer a prince of Egypt.  His own people have probably forgotten all about him.  He has no power of his own, so He asks a legitimate question.

Read Exodus 3:13 What did Moses ask God?


It is almost like Moses is saying, “They will want to know where I got this information.  They will want to know, Yeow, you and what army?”

Read Exodus 3:14  “God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I AM has sent me to you.’” “

God says, “I will be who I will be.”  I need no army, I need nothing else to make me complete.  I am life.  I am the creator.  I am judge.  I am King.  I was, I am, I always will be. I am self-existent, self-sufficient, and unchanging. I am eternal God from everlasting to everlasting.

Read Exodus 34:1-2  

6.  On what occasion was God speaking?

God is going to reveal even more about the meaning of his name to Moses.  Much has happened since Moses first spoke to God at the burning bush.  Moses has faced down the pharaoh and his magicians with the whispered name of God and He knows something of his might and power.  He knows Him as covenant maker, and covenant keeper.  He knows him as almighty God.  He knows that God’s resolve in rescuing His people is without limit and his promise to fight their enemies is real.  He has lived it.  He knows. But there is much that he does not know about Jehovah. 

Read Exodus 34:5-7  

7.  What attributes does God reveal about his name (Jehovah) at this time?


God passes before Moses declaring His name.  Again, He tells Moses who He is, but He adds what He does for man and with His own finger writes what He expects from man.

God had demonstrated his power, might, and majesty in the palace of Pharaoh, and at the crossing of the Red Sea.  Here he tells Moses of His love for His people and what He expects from them.  He is compassionate, slow to be angry with them, abounding in love and faithfulness. He has love for thousands.  He will forgive wickedness, rebellion and sin, yet He will not leave the guilty unpunished. He cannot, because it is not His nature.  He is telling Moses how he relates to His creation and how He deals with them.


1 Comment

  1. April 8, 2011 at 6:41 am

    […] Jehovah Chapter Two Part One ( […]

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