Jehovah Chapter Two worksheet Part One


Jehovah Chapter 2 Workbook Part One

Jehovah…Hebrew eh yeh asher eh yeh…I AM THAT I AM

Jehovah is God’s proper name.  All of the other names of God are derived from his works and describe His Holy attributes. On Mount Sinai, God revealed His name to man both verbally and in writing when He gave the Ten Commandments, which he had written with His own finger on tablets of stone.

Exodus 20:1-17.

1.  How many times is the word LORD found in the ten commandments.

Each time we see LORD, the name given is Jehovah.

The first time Jehovah is used is in Genesis 2:4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.

2.  What is unusual about how the word LORD is written? 

This is the name referred to in our Bibles as LORD(Jehovah).  This is done to distinguish the use of Jehovah from Adonai or Lord.  The scribes used Adonai in place of Jehovah to keep from desecrating God’s name. Jehovah occurs in the Bible 6,823 times. God himself tells us the meaning when he appeared to Moses in the burning bush.

Read:  Exodus 3:12-15

3.   What does God say about the meaning of His name?

 

 

Read Exodus 6:2-3

Did the patriarchs know God by the name Jehovah?

4.  We have not taken up this name but do you know the  name the patriarchs were most familiar with?

 

God says he appeared to Abraham as God Almighty, El Shaddai.  The word LORD is used to indicate the new name being divulged, Jehovah. We will study this name God Almighty, El-Shaddai, later.

Read Exodus 3:15(Exodus 3:15 The Hebrew for LORD sounds like and may be related to the Hebrew for I AM in verse 14.)

5.   What does God say that indicates He is forever faithful to be their God?

 

I AM WHO I AM means to be or being.  God is the being who is absolutely self existent. He permanently exist, always has been, is now, always will be.  He is eternal, unchangeable, permanent.

What in the world does He mean by I AM?  We do many things.  We talk, and talk, and talk.  We work, run, play, and learn.  We don’t do these things all the time.  Sometimes we do one or two of them at a time, but we aren’t in the process all the time.

We are many things.  We are mothers, fathers, grandparents, teachers, attorneys, mechanics, cooks, aunts and uncles, someone’s children.  We are in the process of being those things 24 hours a day, seven days a week.  That is the definition of the word “be”.  We are in the process of being those things all the time.  We can’t stop being a mother.  We might not be a very good one, but once you are a mother, you are always a mother.

That is what “I Am” is doing.  He is in the process of being Eternal God, doing all the things the Almighty does.  He has always been and always will be …Jehovah God.

   He is one who will always be continuous and absolute.  Jehovah tells Moses that He remembers His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and He is ready to act on their behalf. It is here that we begin to see God as a personal living being, who remembers and faithfully fulfils His promises through many generations.

Read Genesis 3: 1-8

6.  What is different about the way God and LORD God are written?

The name Jehovah also reveals that God has moral and spiritual attributes.  Elohim is the creator who loves his work and preserves it.  Jehovah reveals this love as conditional and places a moral obligation on the creation and places a promise of punishment for disobedience.  This can be seen when Eve is tempted by the serpent.  It seems like the serpent does not want to remind Eve of God as  unchangeable in His views, as almighty God, the Judge between what is good and evil. Later on, the residents of the Semite region would use the word, El and Eloam to refer to their gods and I am sure that this was Satan’s evil idea. The serpent and Eve refer to God as Elohim, but it is Jehovah who calls them from their hiding place to account for their actions.  As Jehovah he is forced to condemn immoral acts.  He is outraged and violated by sin.

Jehovah is love.  This is revealed when we see him grieve and suffer because of the sin of his creation.

Read Genesis 3:9

7.What question did God ask?

His love compels him to bring the creation back into fellowship with Him.  He seeks out Adam and Eve.  He teaches them how to use a living thing as a substitute sacrifice for their sin. 

It is Jehovah who condemns the world in Noah’s day because his Holy anger demanded retribution and punishment.  Yet His love provides a way for the continuation of mankind through Noah and his family.  It was Elohim who brought the animals to the ark to preserve them from the flood.  It was Jehovah who commanded that seven pairs of each clean animal be brought aboard for sacrifices. And it was Jehovah who shut and locked the door.  In Jehovah, we see preservation, forgiveness, and the desire for fellowship with man.  He does not forsake fallen man, but in His love for them provides merciful covenants, acts of deliverance, and total redemption in the gift of Jesus Christ.

Yahweh was the name used by the people who had received God’s revelation and were in covenant with him.  The descendents of Japeth(Noah’s son…His descendents probably wound up in Europe.)  had Elohim,  but the Israelites descended from Shem had Jehovah,  the God of revelation, because it was with them the covenant was made. (Names of God, by Nathan Stone)  It is the most sacred name of God.  Its meaning is related to God’s presence, God was present with them as “Jehovah Shammah.

Exodus 20:7

8. Why do you think the Israelites were so cautious about using God’s name?

So holy and sacred was this name to them that they were afraid to say it, probably because of the third commandment.  Do not take the LORD’s name in vain.  Translation of that commandment means, don’t take the name of YHWH your God to be false, useless, worthless, without result, a lie.

Read Leviticus 24:16

9. What was the punishment for blaspheming God’s name?

 Blasphemy of the name of Jehovah was punishable by death.  Even in our own time, the name of Jehovah is never read in the synagogue nor is it ever said aloud by its people.  They substitute the word Adonai, or use a word that means “the name.”

Even when the name was to be written, the scribe who was transcribing would stop, remove their clothes, take a bath, and put on clean clothes.  Before writing they were required to stand and say, “I am now copying the Holy name of God.” A new unused pen and new ink was used to write the name and the pen was promptly broken when the name was written. Talmud 10  Comfort, Philip Wesley (1991). The complete guide to Bible versions . Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 16-20.

Connolly, W. Kenneth (1996). The indestructible book: the Bible, its translators, and their sacrifices . Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. pp. 17-18.

Because the Hebrews never spoke God’s name, we don’t really know how to say it. Orthodox Jews still believe one way they will know the Messiah will be His ability to pronounce the name of God. Names of God by Nathan Stone page 25

The Jewish tradition maintains that God’s name is spoken as a breath, the first breath of a newborn as it emerges from the womb.  The last breath a person takes before his eyes are glazed over by the final enemy Christ will crush, death.    Jehovah comes from the Hebrew verb “havah” which means to be; to exist; being; to breathe.  (Pat Mercer Hutchens PHD) The breath of life is the pronunciation of God’s name. I think that is so neat… the first breath of a baby, Alpha, the last breath of a dying man, Omega.   When God breathed the first breath of life into us, He breathed His name.  Is the breath of life that we all have part of His breath? I think that was originally true, but man refused that breath and instead elected to breathe the polluted air of sin.

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